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RFC 4001
Textual Conventions for Internet Network Addresses.
M. Daniele, B. Haberman, S. Routhier, J. Schoenwaelder. February 2005.

 
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Network Working Group M. Daniele Request for Comments: 4001 SyAM Software, Inc. Obsoletes: 3291 B. Haberman Category: Standards Track Johns Hopkins University S. Routhier Wind River Systems, Inc. J. Schoenwaelder International University Bremen February 2005 Textual Conventions for Internet Network Addresses Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). Abstract This MIB module defines textual conventions to represent commonly used Internet network layer addressing information. The intent is that these textual conventions will be imported and used in MIB modules that would otherwise define their own representations. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 Table of Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework . . . . . . . . . . 4 3. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4. Usage Hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1. Table Indexing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.2. Uniqueness of Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.3. Multiple Addresses per Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.4. Resolving DNS Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5. Table Indexing Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 7. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 8. Changes from RFC 3291 to RFC 4001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 9. Changes from RFC 2851 to RFC 3291 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 1. Introduction Several standards-track MIB modules use the IpAddress SMIv2 base type. This limits the applicability of these MIB modules to IP Version 4 (IPv4), as the IpAddress SMIv2 base type can only contain 4-byte IPv4 addresses. The IpAddress SMIv2 base type has become problematic with the introduction of IP Version 6 (IPv6) addresses [RFC3513]. This document defines multiple textual conventions (TCs) as a means to express generic Internet network layer addresses within MIB module specifications. The solution is compatible with SMIv2 (STD 58) and SMIv1 (STD 16). New MIB definitions that have to express network layer Internet addresses SHOULD use the textual conventions defined in this memo. New MIB modules SHOULD NOT use the SMIv2 IpAddress base type anymore. A generic Internet address consists of two objects: one whose syntax is InetAddressType, and another whose syntax is InetAddress. The value of the first object determines how the value of the second is encoded. The InetAddress textual convention represents an opaque Internet address value. The InetAddressType enumeration is used to "cast" the InetAddress value into a concrete textual convention for the address type. This usage of multiple textual conventions allows expression of the display characteristics of each address type and makes the set of defined Internet address types extensible. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 The textual conventions for well-known transport domains support scoped Internet addresses. The scope of an Internet address is a topological span within which the address may be used as a unique identifier for an interface or set of interfaces. A scope zone (or, simply, a zone) is a concrete connected region of topology of a given scope. Note that a zone is a particular instance of a topological region, whereas a scope is the size of a topological region [RFC4007]. Since Internet addresses on devices that connect multiple zones are not necessarily unique, an additional zone index is needed on these devices to select an interface. The textual conventions InetAddressIPv4z and InetAddressIPv6z are provided to support Internet addresses that include a zone index. To support arbitrary combinations of scoped Internet addresses, MIB authors SHOULD use a separate InetAddressType object for each InetAddress object. The textual conventions defined in this document can also be used to represent generic Internet subnets and Internet address ranges. A generic Internet subnet is represented by three objects: one whose syntax is InetAddressType, a second one whose syntax is InetAddress, and a third one whose syntax is InetAddressPrefixLength. The InetAddressType value again determines the concrete format of the InetAddress value, whereas the InetAddressPrefixLength identifies the Internet network address prefix. A generic range of consecutive Internet addresses is represented by three objects. The first one has the syntax InetAddressType, and the remaining objects have the syntax InetAddress and specify the start and end of the address range. Again, the InetAddressType value determines the format of the InetAddress values. The textual conventions defined in this document can be used to define Internet addresses by using DNS domain names in addition to IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. A MIB designer can write compliance statements to express that only a subset of the possible address types must be supported by a compliant implementation. MIB developers who need to represent Internet addresses SHOULD use these definitions whenever applicable, as opposed to defining their own constructs. Even MIB modules that only need to represent IPv4 or IPv6 addresses SHOULD use the InetAddressType/InetAddress textual conventions defined in this memo. There are many widely deployed MIB modules that use IPv4 addresses and that have to be revised to support IPv6. These MIB modules can be categorized as follows: Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 1. MIB modules that define management information that is, in principle, IP version neutral, but the MIB currently uses addressing constructs specific to a certain IP version. 2. MIB modules that define management information that is specific to a particular IP version (either IPv4 or IPv6) and that is very unlikely to ever be applicable to another IP version. MIB modules of the first type SHOULD provide object definitions (e.g., tables) that work with all versions of IP. In particular, when revising a MIB module that contains IPv4 specific tables, it is suggested to define new tables using the textual conventions defined in this memo that support all versions of IP. The status of the new tables SHOULD be "current", whereas the status of the old IP version specific tables SHOULD be changed to "deprecated". The other approach, of having multiple similar tables for different IP versions, is strongly discouraged. MIB modules of the second type, which are inherently IP version specific, do not need to be redefined. Note that even in this case, any additions to these MIB modules or to new IP version specific MIB modules SHOULD use the textual conventions defined in this memo. MIB developers SHOULD NOT use the textual conventions defined in this document to represent generic transport layer addresses. A special set of textual conventions for this purpose is defined in RFC 3419 [RFC3419]. The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", and "MAY", in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. 2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of RFC 3410 [RFC3410]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. MIB objects are generally accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the Structure of Management Information (SMI). This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580 [RFC2580]. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 3. Definitions INET-ADDRESS-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, mib-2, Unsigned32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION FROM SNMPv2-TC; inetAddressMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200502040000Z" ORGANIZATION "IETF Operations and Management Area" CONTACT-INFO "Juergen Schoenwaelder (Editor) International University Bremen P.O. Box 750 561 28725 Bremen, Germany Phone: +49 421 200-3587 EMail: j.schoenwaelder@iu-bremen.de Send comments to <ietfmibs@ops.ietf.org>." DESCRIPTION "This MIB module defines textual conventions for representing Internet addresses. An Internet address can be an IPv4 address, an IPv6 address, or a DNS domain name. This module also defines textual conventions for Internet port numbers, autonomous system numbers, and the length of an Internet address prefix. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4001, see the RFC itself for full legal notices." REVISION "200502040000Z" DESCRIPTION "Third version, published as RFC 4001. This revision introduces the InetZoneIndex, InetScopeType, and InetVersion textual conventions." REVISION "200205090000Z" DESCRIPTION "Second version, published as RFC 3291. This revision contains several clarifications and introduces several new textual conventions: InetAddressPrefixLength, InetPortNumber, InetAutonomousSystemNumber, InetAddressIPv4z, and InetAddressIPv6z." REVISION "200006080000Z" Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 2851." ::= { mib-2 76 } InetAddressType ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A value that represents a type of Internet address. unknown(0) An unknown address type. This value MUST be used if the value of the corresponding InetAddress object is a zero-length string. It may also be used to indicate an IP address that is not in one of the formats defined below. ipv4(1) An IPv4 address as defined by the InetAddressIPv4 textual convention. ipv6(2) An IPv6 address as defined by the InetAddressIPv6 textual convention. ipv4z(3) A non-global IPv4 address including a zone index as defined by the InetAddressIPv4z textual convention. ipv6z(4) A non-global IPv6 address including a zone index as defined by the InetAddressIPv6z textual convention. dns(16) A DNS domain name as defined by the InetAddressDNS textual convention. Each definition of a concrete InetAddressType value must be accompanied by a definition of a textual convention for use with that InetAddressType. To support future extensions, the InetAddressType textual convention SHOULD NOT be sub-typed in object type definitions. It MAY be sub-typed in compliance statements in order to require only a subset of these address types for a compliant implementation. Implementations must ensure that InetAddressType objects and any dependent objects (e.g., InetAddress objects) are consistent. An inconsistentValue error must be generated if an attempt to change an InetAddressType object would, for example, lead to an undefined InetAddress value. In Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 particular, InetAddressType/InetAddress pairs must be changed together if the address type changes (e.g., from ipv6(2) to ipv4(1))." SYNTAX INTEGER { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2), ipv4z(3), ipv6z(4), dns(16) } InetAddress ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Denotes a generic Internet address. An InetAddress value is always interpreted within the context of an InetAddressType value. Every usage of the InetAddress textual convention is required to specify the InetAddressType object that provides the context. It is suggested that the InetAddressType object be logically registered before the object(s) that use the InetAddress textual convention, if they appear in the same logical row. The value of an InetAddress object must always be consistent with the value of the associated InetAddressType object. Attempts to set an InetAddress object to a value inconsistent with the associated InetAddressType must fail with an inconsistentValue error. When this textual convention is used as the syntax of an index object, there may be issues with the limit of 128 sub-identifiers specified in SMIv2, STD 58. In this case, the object definition MUST include a 'SIZE' clause to limit the number of potential instance sub-identifiers; otherwise the applicable constraints MUST be stated in the appropriate conceptual row DESCRIPTION clauses, or in the surrounding documentation if there is no single DESCRIPTION clause that is appropriate." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..255)) InetAddressIPv4 ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "1d.1d.1d.1d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents an IPv4 network address: Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 Octets Contents Encoding 1-4 IPv4 address network-byte order The corresponding InetAddressType value is ipv4(1). This textual convention SHOULD NOT be used directly in object definitions, as it restricts addresses to a specific format. However, if it is used, it MAY be used either on its own or in conjunction with InetAddressType, as a pair." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (4)) InetAddressIPv6 ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents an IPv6 network address: Octets Contents Encoding 1-16 IPv6 address network-byte order The corresponding InetAddressType value is ipv6(2). This textual convention SHOULD NOT be used directly in object definitions, as it restricts addresses to a specific format. However, if it is used, it MAY be used either on its own or in conjunction with InetAddressType, as a pair." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (16)) InetAddressIPv4z ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "1d.1d.1d.1d%4d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents a non-global IPv4 network address, together with its zone index: Octets Contents Encoding 1-4 IPv4 address network-byte order 5-8 zone index network-byte order The corresponding InetAddressType value is ipv4z(3). The zone index (bytes 5-8) is used to disambiguate identical address values on nodes that have interfaces attached to different zones of the same scope. The zone index may contain the special value 0, which refers to the default zone for each scope. This textual convention SHOULD NOT be used directly in object Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 definitions, as it restricts addresses to a specific format. However, if it is used, it MAY be used either on its own or in conjunction with InetAddressType, as a pair." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (8)) InetAddressIPv6z ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x:2x%4d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents a non-global IPv6 network address, together with its zone index: Octets Contents Encoding 1-16 IPv6 address network-byte order 17-20 zone index network-byte order The corresponding InetAddressType value is ipv6z(4). The zone index (bytes 17-20) is used to disambiguate identical address values on nodes that have interfaces attached to different zones of the same scope. The zone index may contain the special value 0, which refers to the default zone for each scope. This textual convention SHOULD NOT be used directly in object definitions, as it restricts addresses to a specific format. However, if it is used, it MAY be used either on its own or in conjunction with InetAddressType, as a pair." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (20)) InetAddressDNS ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "255a" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents a DNS domain name. The name SHOULD be fully qualified whenever possible. The corresponding InetAddressType is dns(16). The DESCRIPTION clause of InetAddress objects that may have InetAddressDNS values MUST fully describe how (and when) these names are to be resolved to IP addresses. The resolution of an InetAddressDNS value may require to query multiple DNS records (e.g., A for IPv4 and AAAA for IPv6). The order of the resolution process and which DNS record takes precedence depends on the configuration of the resolver. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 This textual convention SHOULD NOT be used directly in object definitions, as it restricts addresses to a specific format. However, if it is used, it MAY be used either on its own or in conjunction with InetAddressType, as a pair." SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (1..255)) InetAddressPrefixLength ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Denotes the length of a generic Internet network address prefix. A value of n corresponds to an IP address mask that has n contiguous 1-bits from the most significant bit (MSB), with all other bits set to 0. An InetAddressPrefixLength value is always interpreted within the context of an InetAddressType value. Every usage of the InetAddressPrefixLength textual convention is required to specify the InetAddressType object that provides the context. It is suggested that the InetAddressType object be logically registered before the object(s) that use the InetAddressPrefixLength textual convention, if they appear in the same logical row. InetAddressPrefixLength values larger than the maximum length of an IP address for a specific InetAddressType are treated as the maximum significant value applicable for the InetAddressType. The maximum significant value is 32 for the InetAddressType 'ipv4(1)' and 'ipv4z(3)' and 128 for the InetAddressType 'ipv6(2)' and 'ipv6z(4)'. The maximum significant value for the InetAddressType 'dns(16)' is 0. The value zero is object-specific and must be defined as part of the description of any object that uses this syntax. Examples of the usage of zero might include situations where the Internet network address prefix is unknown or does not apply. The upper bound of the prefix length has been chosen to be consistent with the maximum size of an InetAddress." SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..2040) InetPortNumber ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents a 16 bit port number of an Internet transport Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 layer protocol. Port numbers are assigned by IANA. A current list of all assignments is available from <http://www.iana.org/>. The value zero is object-specific and must be defined as part of the description of any object that uses this syntax. Examples of the usage of zero might include situations where a port number is unknown, or when the value zero is used as a wildcard in a filter." REFERENCE "STD 6 (RFC 768), STD 7 (RFC 793) and RFC 2960" SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..65535) InetAutonomousSystemNumber ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents an autonomous system number that identifies an Autonomous System (AS). An AS is a set of routers under a single technical administration, using an interior gateway protocol and common metrics to route packets within the AS, and using an exterior gateway protocol to route packets to other ASes'. IANA maintains the AS number space and has delegated large parts to the regional registries. Autonomous system numbers are currently limited to 16 bits (0..65535). There is, however, work in progress to enlarge the autonomous system number space to 32 bits. Therefore, this textual convention uses an Unsigned32 value without a range restriction in order to support a larger autonomous system number space." REFERENCE "RFC 1771, RFC 1930" SYNTAX Unsigned32 InetScopeType ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Represents a scope type. This textual convention can be used in cases where a MIB has to represent different scope types and there is no context information, such as an InetAddress object, that implicitly defines the scope type. Note that not all possible values have been assigned yet, but they may be assigned in future revisions of this specification. Applications should therefore be able to deal with values not yet assigned." REFERENCE "RFC 3513" SYNTAX INTEGER { -- reserved(0), Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 interfaceLocal(1), linkLocal(2), subnetLocal(3), adminLocal(4), siteLocal(5), -- site-local unicast addresses -- have been deprecated by RFC 3879 -- unassigned(6), -- unassigned(7), organizationLocal(8), -- unassigned(9), -- unassigned(10), -- unassigned(11), -- unassigned(12), -- unassigned(13), global(14) -- reserved(15) } InetZoneIndex ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION DISPLAY-HINT "d" STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A zone index identifies an instance of a zone of a specific scope. The zone index MUST disambiguate identical address values. For link-local addresses, the zone index will typically be the interface index (ifIndex as defined in the IF-MIB) of the interface on which the address is configured. The zone index may contain the special value 0, which refers to the default zone. The default zone may be used in cases where the valid zone index is not known (e.g., when a management application has to write a link-local IPv6 address without knowing the interface index value). The default zone SHOULD NOT be used as an easy way out in cases where the zone index for a non-global IPv6 address is known." REFERENCE "RFC4007" SYNTAX Unsigned32 InetVersion ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A value representing a version of the IP protocol. unknown(0) An unknown or unspecified version of the IP protocol. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 ipv4(1) The IPv4 protocol as defined in RFC 791 (STD 5). ipv6(2) The IPv6 protocol as defined in RFC 2460. Note that this textual convention SHOULD NOT be used to distinguish different address types associated with IP protocols. The InetAddressType has been designed for this purpose." REFERENCE "RFC 791, RFC 2460" SYNTAX INTEGER { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } END 4. Usage Hints The InetAddressType and InetAddress textual conventions have been introduced to avoid over-constraining an object definition by the use of the IpAddress SMI base type, which is IPv4 specific. An InetAddressType/InetAddress pair can represent IP addresses in various formats. The InetAddressType and InetAddress objects SHOULD NOT be sub-typed in object definitions. Sub-typing binds the MIB module to specific address formats, which may cause serious problems if new address formats need to be introduced. Note that it is possible to write compliance statements indicating that only a subset of the defined address types must be implemented to be compliant. Every usage of the InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength textual conventions must specify which InetAddressType object provides the context for the interpretation of the InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength textual convention. It is suggested that the InetAddressType object is logically registered before the object(s) that use(s) the InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength textual convention. An InetAddressType object is logically registered before an InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength object if it appears before the InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength object in the conceptual row (which includes any index objects). This rule allows programs such as MIB compilers to identify the InetAddressType of a given InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength object by searching for the InetAddressType object, which precedes an InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength object. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 4.1. Table Indexing When a generic Internet address is used as an index, both the InetAddressType and InetAddress objects MUST be used. The InetAddressType object MUST be listed before the InetAddress object in the INDEX clause. The IMPLIED keyword MUST NOT be used for an object of type InetAddress in an INDEX clause. Instance sub-identifiers are then of the form T.N.O1.O2...On, where T is the value of the InetAddressType object, O1...On are the octets in the InetAddress object, and N is the number of those octets. There is a meaningful lexicographical ordering to tables indexed in this fashion. Command generator applications may look up specific addresses of known type and value, issue GetNext requests for addresses of a single type, or issue GetNext requests for a specific type and address prefix. 4.2. Uniqueness of Addresses IPv4 addresses were intended to be globally unique, current usage notwithstanding. IPv6 addresses were architected to have different scopes and hence uniqueness [RFC3513]. In particular, IPv6 "link- local" unicast addresses are not guaranteed to be unique on any particular node. In such cases, the duplicate addresses must be configured on different interfaces. So the combination of an IPv6 address and a zone index is unique [RFC4007]. The InetAddressIPv6 textual convention has been defined to represent global IPv6 addresses and non-global IPv6 addresses in cases where no zone index is needed (e.g., on end hosts with a single interface). The InetAddressIPv6z textual convention has been defined to represent non-global IPv6 addresses in cases where a zone index is needed (e.g., a router connecting multiple zones). Therefore, MIB designers who use InetAddressType/InetAddress pairs do not need to define additional objects in order to support non-global addresses on nodes that connect multiple zones. The InetAddressIPv4z is intended for use in MIB modules (such as the TCP-MIB) which report addresses in the address family used on the wire, but where the entity instrumented obtains these addresses from applications or administrators in a form that includes a zone index, such as v4-mapped IPv6 addresses. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 The size of the zone index has been chosen so that it is consistent with (i) the numerical zone index, defined in [RFC4007], and (ii) the sin6_scope_id field of the sockaddr_in6 structure, defined in RFC 2553 [RFC2553]. 4.3. Multiple Addresses per Host A single host system may be configured with multiple addresses (IPv4 or IPv6), and possibly with multiple DNS names. Thus it is possible for a single host system to be accessible by multiple InetAddressType/InetAddress pairs. If this could be an implementation or usage issue, the DESCRIPTION clause of the relevant objects must fully describe which address is reported in a given InetAddressType/InetAddress pair. 4.4. Resolving DNS Names DNS names MUST be resolved to IP addresses when communication with the named host is required. This raises a temporal aspect to defining MIB objects whose value is a DNS name: When is the name translated to an address? For example, consider an object defined to indicate a forwarding destination, and whose value is a DNS name. When does the forwarding entity resolve the DNS name? Each time forwarding occurs, or just once when the object was instantiated? The DESCRIPTION clause of these objects SHOULD precisely define how and when any required name to address resolution is done. Similarly, the DESCRIPTION clause of these objects SHOULD precisely define how and when a reverse lookup is being done, if an agent has accessed instrumentation that knows about an IP address, and if the MIB module or implementation requires it to map the IP address to a DNS name. 5. Table Indexing Example This example shows a table listing communication peers that are identified by either an IPv4 address, an IPv6 address, or a DNS name. The table definition also prohibits entries with an empty address (whose type would be "unknown"). The size of a DNS name is limited to 64 characters in order to satisfy OID length constraints. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 peerTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PeerEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A list of communication peers." ::= { somewhere 1 } peerEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PeerEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry containing information about a particular peer." INDEX { peerAddressType, peerAddress } ::= { peerTable 1 } PeerEntry ::= SEQUENCE { peerAddressType InetAddressType, peerAddress InetAddress, peerStatus INTEGER } peerAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The type of Internet address by which the peer is reachable." ::= { peerEntry 1 } peerAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE (1..64)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The Internet address for the peer. The type of this address is determined by the value of the peerAddressType object. Note that implementations must limit themselves to a single entry in this table per reachable peer. The peerAddress may not be empty due to the SIZE restriction. If a row is created administratively by an SNMP operation and the address type value is dns(16), then the agent stores the DNS name internally. A DNS name Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 lookup must be performed on the internally stored DNS name whenever it is being used to contact the peer. If a row is created by the managed entity itself and the address type value is dns(16), then the agent stores the IP address internally. A DNS reverse lookup must be performed on the internally stored IP address whenever the value is retrieved via SNMP." ::= { peerEntry 2 } The following compliance statement specifies that compliant implementations need only support IPv4/IPv6 addresses without zone indices. Support for DNS names or IPv4/IPv6 addresses with zone indices is not required. peerCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement of the peer MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { peerGroup } OBJECT peerAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses without zone indices." ::= { somewhere 2 } Note that the SMIv2 does not permit inclusion of objects that are not accessible in an object group (see section 3.1 in STD 58, RFC 2580 [RFC2580]). It is therefore not possible to refine the syntax of auxiliary objects that are not accessible. It is suggested that the refinement be expressed informally in the DESCRIPTION clause of the MODULE-COMPLIANCE macro invocation. 6. Security Considerations This module does not define any management objects. Instead, it defines a set of textual conventions which may be used by other MIB modules to define management objects. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 Meaningful security considerations can only be written in the MIB modules that define management objects. This document has therefore no impact on the security of the Internet. 7. Acknowledgments This document was produced by the Operations and Management Area "IPv6MIB" design team. For their comments and suggestions, the authors would like to thank Fred Baker, Randy Bush, Richard Draves, Mark Ellison, Bill Fenner, Jun-ichiro Hagino, Mike Heard, Tim Jenkins, Allison Mankin, Glenn Mansfield, Keith McCloghrie, Thomas Narten, Erik Nordmark, Peder Chr. Norgaard, Randy Presuhn, Andrew Smith, Dave Thaler, Kenneth White, Bert Wijnen, and Brian Zill. 8. Changes from RFC 3291 to RFC 4001 The following changes have been made relative to RFC 3291: o Added a range restriction to the InetAddressPrefixLength textual convention. o Added new textual conventions InetZoneIndex, InetScopeType, and InetVersion. o Added explicit "d" DISPLAY-HINTs for textual conventions that did not have them. o Updated boilerplate text and references. 9. Changes from RFC 2851 to RFC 3291 The following changes have been made relative to RFC 2851: o Added new textual conventions InetAddressPrefixLength, InetPortNumber, and InetAutonomousSystemNumber. o Rewrote the introduction to say clearly that, in general, one should define MIB tables that work with all versions of IP. The other approach of multiple tables for different IP versions is strongly discouraged. o Added text to the InetAddressType and InetAddress descriptions requiring that implementations must reject set operations with an inconsistentValue error if they lead to inconsistencies. o Removed the strict ordering constraints. Description clauses now must explain which InetAddressType object provides the context for an InetAddress or InetAddressPrefixLength object. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 o Aligned wordings with the IPv6 scoping architecture document. o Split the InetAddressIPv6 textual convention into the two textual conventions (InetAddressIPv6 and InetAddressIPv6z) and introduced a new textual convention InetAddressIPv4z. Added ipv4z(3) and ipv6z(4) named numbers to the InetAddressType enumeration. Motivations for this change: (i) to enable the introduction of a textual conventions for non-global IPv4 addresses, (ii) alignment with the textual conventions for transport addresses, (iii) simpler compliance statements in cases where support for IPv6 addresses with zone indices is not required, and (iv) to simplify implementations for host systems that will never have to report zone indices. 10. References 10.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2578] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [RFC2579] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [RFC2580] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [RFC3513] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Addressing Architecture", RFC 3513, April 2003. [RFC4007] Deering, S., Haberman, B., Jinmei, T., Nordmark, E., and B. Zill, "IPv6 Scoped Address Architecture", RFC 4007, February 2005. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 10.2. Informative References [RFC2553] Gilligan, R., Thomson, S., Bound, J., and W. Stevens, "Basic Socket Interface Extensions for IPv6", RFC 2553, March 1999. [RFC2863] McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group MIB", RFC 2863, June 2000. [RFC3410] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D., and B. Stewart, "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet- Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002. [RFC3419] Daniele, M. and J. Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for Transport Addresses", RFC 3419, December 2002. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 Authors' Addresses Michael Daniele SyAM Software, Inc. 1 Chestnut St, Suite 3-I Nashua, NH 03060 USA Phone: +1 603 598-9575 EMail: michael.daniele@syamsoftware.com Brian Haberman Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory 11100 Johns Hopkins Road Laurel, MD 20723-6099 USA Phone: +1-443-778-1319 EMail: brian@innovationslab.net Shawn A. Routhier Wind River Systems, Inc. 500 Wind River Way Alameda, CA 94501 USA Phone: +1 510 749-2095 EMail: shawn.routhier@windriver.com Juergen Schoenwaelder International University Bremen P.O. Box 750 561 28725 Bremen Germany Phone: +49 421 200-3587 EMail: j.schoenwaelder@iu-bremen.de Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 4001 Internet Network Address Conventions February 2005 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and at www.rfc-editor.org, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the ISOC's procedures with respect to rights in ISOC Documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Daniele, et al. Standards Track [Page 22]

   

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